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Leo is a Senior Associate in our Energy Transition and Infrastructure Finance team in London.

Leo advises sponsors and financiers on complex energy, natural resources and infrastructure finance transactions internationally and in the UK. Leo has a particular emphasis on counselling clients in the mining, metals and critical minerals sector, having acted on the financing of a number of projects across Africa, Asia and Europe.


Leo graduated from the University of Edinburgh. Prior to joining Herbert Smith Freehills, Leo was based in the Singapore office of another international law firm (2016 to 2019).

Experience & expertise

Selected matters

  • Adriatic Metals plc in connection with the financing for the development of its Vareš base metals project in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The financing involved an equity fundraise, senior secured debt facility and secured copper stream
  • AMP Clean Energy on the project financing of its portfolios of battery energy storage systems, biomass and urban reserve projects in the UK    
  • Base Resources on the financing and development of the Kwale mineral sands project in Kenya
  • Dynamic Mining on the financing and development of the Bon Ami Bauxite mine in the Republic of Guinea, including advice on the project's debt financing, offtake and equity arrangements
  • Guinea Alumina Corporation, a subsidiary of Emirates Global Aluminium, in relation to the financing, construction and operation of its bauxite mine in the Republic of Guinea
  • Itochu Corporation on the project and stream financing of Ivanplat's palladium-rhodium-platinum-nickel-copper-gold mine in South Africa 
  • KEFI Gold and Copper in connection with the financing of the Tulu Kapi gold mine in Ethiopia
  • Orion Mine Finance in relation to the financing of the Bel Air bauxite project in the Republic of Guinea for Alufer Mining Limited
  • Thor Explorations in respect of the project financing, offtake and streaming arrangements for the Segilola gold mine in Nigeria