Caroline has over 30 years' experience in London as a disputes lawyer and has developed strong relationships with the firm's major clients in the energy sector, advising on and conducting some of the largest multi-party cases in the Commercial Court. Based in Dubai since 2013 she now works with energy and infrastructure clients in the Middle East, helping them with strategic decisions and major arbitrations in order to deliver strong commercial outcomes.
Caroline is a specialist in disputes within the oil and gas industry assisting clients with major pieces of litigation, arbitration and with expert determinations (relating to joint operating agreements, unitisation agreements, development and production sharing contracts, concession agreements, joint venture accounting and long term gas sales and transportation agreements). She also has experience of construction and engineering/design disputes in the energy field and has acted in a number of major disputes involving pipelines, drilling rigs and drill ship equipment. Chambers Global 2014 commends Caroline for being "an exceptional lawyer who is very easy to work with."
Since moving to Dubai Caroline has advised in relation to disputes and arbitrations both within or related to GCC countries, including UAE, Bahrain, Qatar and Iraq and has been involved in Herbert Smith Freehills' Iran Group since inception. She was recognised by Corporate Livewire's award in 2015 as Energy Disputes Lawyer of the Year and One to Watch in 2016 – UAE.
Caroline's experience includes advising:
- Gazprom Neft in its capacity as operator of the Badra oil field in Iraq in relation to various issues in respect of the development of the Badra field
- a number of international energy companies in relation to issues related to the export of oil from Kurdistan
- the owner/operator of a Bahrain IWPP in two ICC arbitration proceedings in connection with disputes with the off-taker and claims worth US$1.2 billion over the construction and operation of the plant and claims from the sub-contractor worth US$359 million for, amongst other things, liquidated damages and extensions of time
- an international operator in an ICC arbitration seated in Dubai related to a hotel management contract
- in relation to potential liabilities of SOMO and Midland Oil Company pursuant to an IOC's Development and Production Service Contract and Export Sales Agreement