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Foreign Direct Investment

Navigating global transactions through foreign investment and public interest scrutiny


Public interest scrutiny in the M&A process is on the increase globally, against the backdrop of amplified protectionist rhetoric and political anxieties about the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI). The economic fall-out from the COVID-19 pandemic is accelerating existing trends, as governments seek to protect businesses from opportunistic acquisition by foreign buyers, including by extending the scope of FDI regimes. This presents additional hurdles and uncertainties to navigate in cross-border M&A.

Foreign Investment Regulation Group Update

26 April 2022

Our first external webinar which focuses on increased interventionism by FDI agencies.

Listen here

17 November 2022

Our second webinar focused on the role of FDI regulation in Tech M&A.

Listen here

30 March 2023

Our third webinar focused on the role of FDI regulation in Energy / Infrastructure M&A.

Listen here

From CFIUS in the United States to FIRB in Australia, it is essential that formal and informal FDI/public interest review processes and intervention risks are taken into account in deal planning and execution. Although certain acquirers from China have tended to bear the brunt of prohibition decisions under FDI regimes in the past, they are no longer the sole focus and acquirers from a range of countries have had their deals scrutinised. In addition, the concept of “national security” continues to be extended, to include not only the defence sector and critical infrastructure, but also communications assets, advanced technology and data, and – influenced by the pandemic – healthcare. Whilst some of the amendments directly related to the pandemic may ultimately prove to be temporary, the overall picture is likely to be one of structural change.

Our global team (drawn from our Competition, Regulation and Trade, Mergers & Acquisitions and Dispute Resolution practices) has extensive experience in formulating and implementing coordinated strategies to secure global clearances and successful completion, taking the ever-changing landscape into account.

To aid investors in considering potential deal hotspots, we have produced an interactive map and country-by-country guide summarising the FDI/public interest control processes and trends in key jurisdictions. Click here for a teaser of the guide and email [email protected] to receive your full copy. 

Download our Global Foreign Direct Investment Brochure

Recent Experience

Eiser Infrastructure

In the FDI notification of the sale of Società Gasdotti Italia, the second largest Italian gas transportation operator, to Macquarie and Swiss Life

Abac Solutions

On the sale of a minority stake in Iberfrasa to a Government owned investment company owned by the Queensland Government (Australia)

Associated British Foods

On a proposed 50:50 joint venture with another Asian leading food company in China to create a key player in the bakery ingredients sector in China, leveraging both parties' strengths and resources


Represented and secured CFIUS clearance for CSLI, a South Korean language translation software provider in connection with its acquisition of Systran SA

Genesis Care

In relation to a number of FIRB applications in relation to assets acquired after the China Resources investment (as a result of which GenesisCare became a ‘foreign government investor’ for relevant regulatory purposes)

Gardner Denver Holdings

In relation to its French FDI filing with the French Ministry of Economy following its announced merger with Ingersoll-Rand's (an NYSE listed company) industrial operations division


Insights and updates

10th January 2023
Will the deal market take off again in 2023 after a challenging year? Tougher regulation...
21st September 2022
As US toughens CFIUS oversight of foreign investments in sensitive sectors of the economy, we...
17th December 2020
Our updated report on FDI tracks a swathe of changes to global investment rules as...
30th June 2022
We are pleased to announce the launch of the sixth edition of Herbert Smith Freehills’...

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