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The UPC has a Court of First Instance (divided into local, regional and central divisions) and a Court of Appeal (Luxembourg). Cases can commence in any one of these divisions according to the subject matter and the prescribed division set out in the UPC Agreement and the UPC Rules.

The UPC has a Court of First Instance (divided into local, regional and central divisions) and a Court of Appeal (Luxembourg). Cases can commence in any one of these divisions according to the subject matter and the prescribed division set out in the UPC Agreement and the UPC Rules.

Central Division

The main seat of the central division is Paris with further seats in Munich and Milan (previously this was to have been a London seat until the UK's withdrawal from the UPC system). 

The work of the central division is divided according to the subject matter of the patent in dispute based on IPC classifications.

  • Milan: Under the UPC Agreement (UPCA) London had originally been assigned one of the central division seats and was to have been assigned cases on patents involving human necessities (A) and pharmaceuticals/chemistry including genetic engineering and metallurgy (International Patent Classification of WIPO sections (A) and (C)). However, once London left the UPCA, these needed to be reassigned and a third seat reallocated. This third seat has now been formally allocated to Milan, following the amendment of the UPCA (see here). Milan will handle cases involving patent in IPC class (A), but not those involving supplementary protection certificates (SPCs) which will be dealt with by Paris. Due to the late allocation of this seat to Milan (not agreed until 26 June 2023), the seat is not yet established but is expected to be ready within 12 months (so before June 2024). In the meantime, Paris will handle all IPC (A) cases. 
  • Munich: The Munich seat of the central division, which had already been allocated cases involving patents in IPC class F (concerning mechanical engineering, lighting, heating, weapons and blasting), was also designated as handling patents in IPC class (C) – some pharmaceuticals including patents relating to peptides and nucleic acids and also genetic engineering – in the announcement of 26 June (above).
  • Paris: The 26 June announcement confirmed that the Paris seat of the central division will hear all cases involving patents in IPC sections (B), (D), (E), (G) and (H), as well as all cases involving patent in classes (A) or (C) with SPCs – and, while the Milan court readies itself, all matters involving patents in class (A) more generally.  

Central division judges: The central division has a panel of three judges – two legally qualified judges and one technically qualified judge at all times. There is a mixture of nationalities on such panels.

The central division judges for each division are:


  • Ms Florence Butin (FR)
  • Mr Paolo Catallozzi (IT)
  • Mr Maximilian Haedicke (DE)
  • Mr François Thomas (FR)
  • Ms Tatyana Zhilova (BG)


  • Ms Mélanie Bessaud (FR)
  • Mr András Kupecz (NL)
  • Ms Ulrike Voß (DE)

Milan: TBC


Local and regional divisions

The UPC website has a page confirming the location of the various local and regional divisions of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) (see here).  Whilst all other participating states have one local court (or participate in the Nordic-Baltic regional division), Germany has four local division courts - Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Mannheim and Munich.

Under the UPC Agreement, Court of First Instance courts like these in states where there are on average more than 50 patent cases a year under current national patent litigation proceedings have a judicial panel of three legally qualified judges, two of whom are local nationals of that state (or of those states in the case of the regional division), plus one technically qualified judge. 

The following are legally qualified judges listed for each of the Local and Regional division courts: 
Local divisions:
  • Vienna, Austria - Mr Walter Schober (AT)
  • Brussels, Belgium - Mr Samuel Granata (BE)
  • Copenhagen, Denmark – Mr Peter Agergaard (DK)
  • Helsinki, Finland – Mr Petri Rinkinen (FI)
  • Paris, France – Ms Carine Gillet (FR), Ms Camille Lignieres (FR)
  • Düsseldorf, Germany – Ms Bérénice Thom (DE) Mr Ronny Thomas (DE)
  • Hamburg, Germany – Ms Sabine Klepsch (DE), Mr Stefan Schilling (DE)
  • Mannheim, Germany – Mr Holger Kircher (DE), Mr Peter Michael Tochtermann (DE)
  • Munich, Germany – Mr Tobias Pichlmaier (DE), Mr Matthias Zigann (DE)
  • Milan, Italy – Mr Pierluigi Perrotti (IT), Ms Alima Zana (IT)
  • Lisbon, Portugal – Ms Rute Lopes (PT)
  • Ljubljana, Slovenia – Ms Mojca Mlakar (SI)
  • The Hague, The Netherlands – Mr Edger Brinkman (NL), Ms Margot Kokke (NL)
Regional division:
  • Stockholm (SE) – Seat of the Regional Division - Mr Stefan Johansson (SE)

Court of appeal judges and presidium

The Court of Appeal has the following legally qualified judges listed:
  • Mr Klaus Grabinski (DE) President of the Court of Appeal
  • Ms Françoise Barutel (FR)
  • Mr Peter Blok (NL)
  • Ms Emanuela Germano (IT)
  • Ms Rian Kalden (NL)
  • Ms Patricia Rombach (DE)
  • Ms Ingeborg Simonsson (SE)
Presidium: The Unified Patent Court is led by Mr Klaus Grabinski (DE), as President of the Court of Appeal, and Ms Florence Butin (FR), as President of the Court of First Instance. The Presidium is completed by two judges from the Court of Appeal: Ms Rian Kalden (NL) and Ms Ingeborg Simonsson (SE) and three judges from the Court of First Instance: Ms Camille Lignieres (FR), Mr Ronny Thomas (DE) and Mr Peter Tochtermann (DE). In addition, Ms Rian Kalden has been elected as Presiding judge of the second panel of the Court of Appeal.

Technically qualified judges

Each technically qualified judge is appointed to a particular area or areas of technology. 


Mr Arwed Andreas Burrichter (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Eric Enderlin (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Rainer Friedrich (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Paolo Gerli (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Cornelis Schüller (NL) (01.06.2023)

Chemistry and Pharmaceutics

Xavier Dorland-Galliot (FR) (17.07.2023)

Andreas Gustafsson (SE) (17.07.2023)

Anna Hedberg (SE) (17.07.2023)

Mr Michael Alt (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Renaud Fulconis (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Rudi Goedeweeck (BE) (01.06.2023)

Mr John Meidahl Petersen (DK) (01.06.2023)

Ms Stefanie Parchmann (DE) (01.06.2023)

Ms Laure Sarlin (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Casper Struve (DK) (01.06.2023)

Mr Steen Wadskov-Hansen (DK) (01.06.2023)

Ms Carola Wagner (DE) (01.06.2023)

Stefanie Philipps (DE) (16.08.2023)

Erwin Wismeth (DE) (9.10.2023)

Mr Martin Schmidt (FR/DE) (01.06.2023)


Klaus Loibner (AT) (17.07.2023)

Udo Matter (DE) (01.09.2023)

Mr Pascal Attali (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Eric Augarde (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Bertrand Cochet (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Alain Dumont (BE) (take up of duties as of 1 Nov 2023)

Mr Dennis Kretschmann (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Alessandro Sanchini (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Andrea Scilletta (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Simon Walker (FI) (01.06.2023)

Wiem Samoud (FR) (17.07.2023)

Jürgen Tischler (DE) (1.08.2023)

Mechanical engineering:

Graham Ashley (DE/UK) (17.07.2023)

Nicolai Geier (DE) (01.08.23)

Merja Annikki Heikkinen-Keinänen (FI) (17.07.2023)

Mr Michel Abello (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Uwe Ausfelder (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Koen Callewaert (BE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Giorgio Checcacci (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Paolo Ernesto Crippa (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Claus Elmeros (DK) (01.06.2023)

Mr Frédéric Gaillarde (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Bernard Christiaan Ledeboer (NL) (01.06.2023)

Ms Elisabetta Papa (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Uwe Schwengelbeck (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Max Tilmann (DE) (01.06.2023)

Ms Marie-Paule Vandeberg (BE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Patrice Vidon (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Pascal Lucien Pierre Weber (FR) (01.06.2023)

Mr Stefan Wilhelm (DE) (01.06.2023)

Jeroen Meewisse (NL) (07.08.2023)

Kerstin Roselinger (SE) (17.07.2023)

Beate Schenk (DE) (1.08.2023)


Mr Michael Fleuchaus (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Anders Max Hansson (SE) (01.06.2023)

Ms Ulrike Keltsch (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Gérard Myon (FR) (01.06.2023)

Ms Dörte Otten-Dünnweber (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Andrea Perronace (IT) (01.06.2023)

Mr Christoph Dominik Schober (DE) (01.06.2023)

Mr Patrik Rydman (SE) (01.06.2023)

Languages of the UPC Courts

In terms of the languages of each court, the UPC website carries some general information here, as follows:




Local Division

Vienna (AT)

German, English

Brussels (BE)

Dutch, French, German, English

Copenhagen (DK)

Danish, English

Helsinki (FI)

Finnish, Swedish, English

Paris (FR)

French, English

Düsseldorf (DE)

German, English

Hamburg (DE)

German, English

Mannheim (DE)

German, English

Munich (DE)

German, English

Milan (IT)

Italian, English

The Hague (NL)

Dutch, English

Lisbon (PT)

Portuguese, English

Ljubljana (SI)

Slovenian, English

Regional Division

Nordic-Baltic (SE, EE, LT, LV)


For more on the UPC and unitary patent see our series of feature articles published in PLC Magazine's March and April editions 2022 and shared in pdf form on our IP blog here.

Key contacts

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Sebastian Moore

Partner and Head of Intellectual Property, UK, London and Milan

Sebastian Moore
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Laura Orlando

Italy Managing Partner, Joint Global Head of Intellectual Property, EMEA Co-Head of Life Sciences, Milan

Laura Orlando
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Frédéric Chevallier

Partner, Paris

Frédéric Chevallier
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Dr Ina vom Feld

Partner, Germany

Dr Ina vom Feld
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Andrew Moir

Partner, Intellectual Property and Global Head of Cyber & Data Security, London

Andrew Moir
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Jonathan Turnbull

Partner, London

Jonathan Turnbull
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Sophie Rich

Consultant, London

Sophie Rich
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Rachel Montagnon

Professional Support Consultant, London

Rachel Montagnon

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